Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
4.2- Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sectors

Main increase in greenhouse gas emissions in Turkey is observed in energy production and consumption. This is followed by emissions from industrial processes and product use. While greenhouse gas emissions generated by energy sector were 134.3 million tonnes CO2 equivalent in 1990, this figure increased to 361 million tonnes CO2 equivalent in 2016. In 2016, when greenhouse gas emissions were considered as CO2 equivalent, fuel combustion and fugitive emissions from fuels (without transport) had the largest portion with 56.3%, and it was followed by fuel combustion for transport with 16.5%, industrial processes and product use with 12.6%, agricultural activities with 11.4% and waste sector with 3.3% [19].

'Fuel combustion and fugitive emissions from fuels (without transport)' is responsible for 54% of EU-28 greenhouse gas emissions in 2016. Fuel combustion for transport (including international aviation) is the second most important source sector with 19.3% in 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture contribute with 10% to EU-28 total greenhouse gas emissions. Industrial processes and product use contribute another 8%. Management of waste contributes with 3% [20].

 

GRAPH 14- TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY SECTORS

 

TABLE 7- TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY SECTORS (million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)

 YEARS

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Energy

134.3

162.7

212.3

240.3

292.3

313.4

320.1

308.8

321.3

339.7

361.0

Industrial process and product use

22.9

26.1

26.6

34.6

49.2

54.4

56.8

59.8

60.2

59.6

62.4

Agriculture

42.4

41.0

40.0

40.8

42.8

45.1

50.6

53.6

53.7

53.7

56.5

Waste

11.1

12.4

14.5

16.9

18.2

18.5

18.1

16.8

16.6

17.0

16.2

Comparison with 1990 (%)

-

14.9

39.3

57.9

91.0

104.7

111.5

108.3

114.4

123.0

135.4

Source: TURKSTAT, Greenhouse Gas Emissions Statistics,1990-2016

Notes: (1) Data for 1990-2015 are revised.

(2) Land use, land use change and forestry emissions and sinks are not included.