4.2- Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sectors

Main increase in greenhouse gas emissions in Turkey is observed in energy production and consumption. This is followed by emissions from industrial processes and product use. While greenhouse gas emissions generated by energy sector were 134.4 million tonnes CO2 equivalent in 1990, this figure increased to 340 million tonnes CO2 equivalent in 2015. In 2015, when greenhouse gas emissions were consideredas CO2 equivalent, fuel combustion and fugitive emissions from fuels (without transport) had the largest portion with 55.6%, and it was followed by fuel combustion for transport with 16%, industrial processes and product use with 12.8%, agricultural activities with 12.1% and waste sector with 3.5% [18].

'Fuel combustion and fugitive emissions from fuels (without transport)' is responsible for 55% of EU-28 greenhouse gas emissions in 2015. Fuel combustion for transport (including international aviation) is the second most important source sector with 23% in 2015. Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture contribute with 10% to EU-28 total greenhouse gas emissions. Industrial processes and product use contribute another 8%. Management of waste contributes with 3% [19].

 

GRAPH 14- TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY SECTORS

 

TABLE 10- TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY SECTORS (million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)

YEARS

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Energy

134.4

163.5

211.7

241.0

291.8

313.9

319.3

308.3

321.2

340.0

Industrial Process and

Product Use

23.7

27.3

27.8

35.9

51.0

55.8

57.7

60.2

60.8

60.7

Agriculture

44.8

43.4

42.5

43.3

45.8

48.1

53.8

57.2

57.2

57.4

Waste

11.1

12.4

14.5

16.9

18.2

18.5

18.1

16.5

16.4

16.9

Comparison with 1990(%)

-

15.2

38.6

57.6

90.1

103.9

109.8

106.6

112.9

122.0

Source: TURKSTAT, Greenhouse Gas Emissions Statistics,1990 - 2015

Notes: (1) Data in table was revised for the period of 1990-2014

            (2) The emissions and sinks from forestry and other land use are not included.