This response indicator displays the ratio of the energy produced by the renewable sources. Renewable energy sources are environment-friendly and have much lower CO2 emission values per power unit generated.
The most common renewable energy sources in Turkey are solar, wind, hydraulic, geothermal and biomass (wood, animal and plant residues) energy forms. While the primary energy supply is 145.3 Mtoe, domestic gross energy production has reached to 35.4 Mtoe at the end of 2017. Renewable resources provide 49%, equal to 17.3 Mtoe, within the domestic gross energy production. The amount of energy from renewable resources increased by 79% compared to 1990.
In Turkey, while contribution of renewables to total energy consumption was 19.4% in 1990, in parallel with decreasing firewood consumption and increasing total energy consumption, this figure decreased to 11.9% in 2017. However, the amount of energy obtained from renewable resources increased by 79% compared to 1990.
The share of renewable energy in EU-28 primary energy consumption increased from around 4.3% in 1990 to 13.2% in 2016 .
GRAPH 102- GROSS ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN TURKEY and SHARE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN GROSS FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
Source: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, http://www.eigm.gov.tr/tr-TR/Denge-Tablolari/Denge-Tablolari