Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
2.2- Sectoral Distribution of Employment

This indicator is a state indicator. Distribution of the working population of a country among sectors has an effect on the quality and size of the pressure of the population on the environment.

Over the years in Turkey, there has been a decrease in the number of people employed in agriculture while employment in service sector has been increasing. In 2017, while the rate of employment in the service sector was 71.9% in EU-28 average, in Turkey this rate was 54.1%.

In 2017, sectoral distribution of employment in EU-28 countries were 4.2% in agriculture, 6.7% in construction, 17.2% in industry, 71.9% in services. These figures in OECD countries are 4.6% in agriculture, 7.2% in construction, 14.9% in industry, 73.3% in services [9].

 

GRAPH 8- SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION OF EMPLOYMENT

 

TABLE 4- SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION OF EMPLOYMENT

(+15 age)

 

 YEARS

2005

2010

2015

2016

2017

Thousand

 person

%

Thousand

 person

%

Thousand

 person

%

Thousand

 person

%

Thousand

 person

%

TOTAL

19,633

100.0

21,858

100.0

26,621

100.0

27,205

100.0

28,189

100.0

Agriculture

5,015

25.5

5,084

23.3

5,483

20.6

5,305

19.5

5,464

19.4

Industry

4,241

21.6

4,615

21.1

5,332

20.0

5,296

19.5

5,383

19.1

Construction

1,097

5.6

1,434

6.6

1,914

7.2

1,987

7.3

2,095

7.4

Services

9,281

47.3

10,725

49.1

13,891

52.2

14,617

53.7

15,246

54.1

Note: NACE Rev. 2 used for classification of Economic Activities.

Source: TURKSTAT, Labour Force Statistics, http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/UstMenu.do?metod=temelist

Note: The results of 2005-2013 are estimated by the econometric model.