16.3- Risk Assessment and Emergency Response Plans

Coastal Facilities which are executing activities leading pollution of seas have to prepare and submit “Risk Assessment and Emergency Response Plans” within the scope of The Law numbered 5312 “Pertaining to Principles of Emergency Response and Compensation for Damages in Pollution of Marine Environment by Oil and Other Harmful Substances” and “Implementation Regulation of related Law”. In this context, Risk Assessment and Emergency Response Plans of 322 Coastal Facilities have been prepared and approved by the Ministry of Urbanisation and Environment. In 2016, this number constituted the 92% of all the coastal facilities in Turkey. The plan includes risk assessment of coastal facility, emergency response to marine pollution with necessary equipment & personnel, preventive measurements for the environment, damage identification and compensation systems and rehabilitation processes. One national and six regional emergency response plans entered into force on 08.02.2012 by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation and are reviewed annually.

 

TABLE 38- THE RATIO OF COASTAL FACILITIES FOR WHICH PLANS WERE CONFIRMED BY THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND URBANISATION

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

ADANA

75%

75%

83%

83%

83%

91%

100%

92%

ANTALYA

7%

36%

36%

43%

43%

75%

88%

88%

ARTVİN

0%

50%

50%

50%

100%

100%

100%

100%

AYDIN

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

50%

100%

BALIKESİR

10%

20%

20%

30%

30%

43%

43%

57%

BARTIN

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

25%

40%

67%

BURSA

20%

60%

60%

60%

60%

86%

86%

86%

ÇANAKKALE

13%

25%

25%

38%

50%

67%

83%

75%

DÜZCE

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

EDİRNE

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

GİRESUN

0%

40%

40%

40%

40%

100%

100%

100%

HATAY

14%

81%

86%

86%

90%

90%

95%

95%

İSTANBUL

4%

81%

82%

84%

84%

93%

94%

98%

İZMİR

65%

79%

79%

79%

81%

95%

100%

91%

KASTAMONU

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

33%

67%

KIRKLARELİ

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

KOCAELİ

25%

63%

78%

85%

85%

95%

100%

93%

MERSİN

44%

68%

76%

80%

80%

91%

91%

88%

MUĞLA

0%

4%

4%

12%

12%

57%

71%

83%

ORDU

0%

14%

14%

14%

14%

60%

60%

60%

RİZE

7%

7%

7%

7%

7%

100%

100%

100%

SAKARYA

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

SAMSUN

11%

67%

78%

89%

89%

90%

91%

100%

SİNOP

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

TEKİRDAĞ

25%

42%

50%

67%

75%

75%

92%

100%

TRABZON

0%

8%

15%

23%

23%

60%

67%

100%

YALOVA

7%

7%

7%

21%

21%

98%

98%

98%

ZONGULDAK

40%

60%

80%

80%

100%

100%

71%

83%

Total

21%

52%

56%

60%

62%

85%

90%

92%

Source: Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, General Directorate of Environmental Management