9.3- Protected Areas

This indicator is a response indicator. Designating protected areas aim to conserve biodiversity and natural resources.

As of 2016, total areas (terrestrial and marine) protected by Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation General Directorate for Preservation of Natural Heritage summed up to 9.1% of the total country surface area. The grasslands, drinking water basins and forest areas (total forest, forest soil, pasture, stony zones), which are allocated as areas of nature conservation as a function were not included in this calculation. There is a drop in the percentage of protected areas from 10.1% in 2013, to 8.5% in 2014, to 8.9% in 2015, mainly because a registry procedure was introduced for the wetlands by the the amendment in 2014 in By-Law on Wetlands. Finally, rate of protected areas has become 9.1% in 2016.

Referring to the situation in the world, according to 2014 World Bank data, ratio of terrestrial and marine protected areas as percent of total terrestrial area was about 12.8% globally [47].

 

TABLE 25- STATUS AND AREAL DISTRIBUTION OF AREAS UNDER PROTECTION IN TURKEY

YEARS

2013

2016

The Ministry of Forestry and

 Water Affairs, Protected Areas

Number

(Quantity)

Area (ha)

Number

(Quantity)

Area (ha)

National Park

40

848,119

42

845,814

Nature Park

189

89,832

209

99,378

Nature Monument

112

6,678

111

7,142

Nature Conservation Area

31

63,694

30

47,244

Wildlife Conservation Area

80

1,191,340

81

1,189,293

Locally important wetlands (1)

 

 

6

1,602

Nationally Important Wetlands (1)

121

1,735,495

38

469,830

Ramsar Areas

14

184,487

14

184,487

Protection Forests

55

251,409

55

251,548

Gene Conservation Forests (in-situ)

258

37,098

295

39,732

Seed Stands (in-situ)

347

46,106

330

43,858

Seed Orchard (ex-situ)

179

1,313

187

1,442

City Forests

126

11,867

145

10,550

SUBTOTAL

1,552

4,467,438

1,543

3,191,920

Ministry of Environment and

Urbanisation, Protected Areas

Number

(Quantity)

Area (ha)

Number

(Quantity)

Area (ha)

Special Environmental Protection Areas

16

2,459,116

16

2,458,749

Natural Sites

1,273

1,322,749

2,430

1,773,856

SUBTOTAL

1,289

3,781,865

2,446

4,232,605

OVERALL TOTAL

2,841

8,249,303

3,989

7,424,525

Ratio of protected areas in the Country’s total surface area (%) (3)

 

%10.1

 

%9.1

Sources: For areas protected by Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs; http://www.milliparklar.gov.tr/Anasayfa/istatistik.aspx?sflang=tr

special protection areas and natural sites: General Directorate for Preservation of Natural Heritage

Notes:

(1) Registry procedure was introduced for the wetlands by an amendment in the By-Law on Wetlands.

(2) Sizes of protected areas are expressed for both land and marine.

(3)Percentages used in calculations are calculated as the rate of the summation of land and marine protected areas to the total terrestrial surface area of Turkey. Surface area for Turkey refers to topographic surface area, which is 814,578 km2.