Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
9.3- Protected Areas

This indicator is a response indicator. Designating protected areas aim to conserve biodiversity and natural resources.

As of 2017, total areas (terrestrial and marine) protected by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation General Directorate for Preservation of Natural Heritage summed up to 8.9% of the total country surface area. The grasslands, drinking water basins and forest areas (total forest, forest soil, pasture, stony zones), which are allocated as areas of nature conservation as a function were not included in this calculation. The percentage of protected areas was 7.8% in 2012, 7.3% in 2014 and increased to 8.9% in 2017 (the fall in 2014 occurred because a registry procedure was introduced for the wetlands by the the amendment in 2014 in By-Law on Wetlands).

Referring to the situation in the world, according to 2017 World Bank data, ratio of terrestrial and marine protected areas as percent of total terrestrial area was about 14.3% globally [52].

 

GRAPH 74- THE PERCENTAGE OF TERRESTRIAL AND MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN TOTAL TERRESTRIAL AREA OF TURKEY (%)

Sources: For areas protected by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Nature Conservation and NationalParks; Status Reports on Nature Conservation (2002-2013), (2014-2015), (2016-2017)

 

Notes:

(1) Registry procedure was introduced for the wetlands by an amendment in the By-Law on Wetlands.

(2) Sizes of protected areas are expressed for both terrestrial and marine.

(3) The percentage of protected areas is calculated by dividing the size of terrestrial and marine protected area sbyTurkey’slandsurface.

 

 

TABLE 20- STATUS AND AREAL DISTRIBUTION OF AREAS UNDER PROTECTION IN TURKEY

YEARS

2013

2017

 

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Protected Areas

Number

Area (ha)

Number

Area (ha)

National Parks

40

848,203

42

845,814

Nature Parks

192

90,218

223

102,409

Nature Conservation Areas

31

64,243

30

46,794

Nature Monuments

112

6,684

111

7,206

Wildlife Conservation Areas

80

1,191,340

81

1,189,293

Wetlands (Internationally Important)

135

3,215,500

 

 

Wetland of Local Importance (1)

 

 

8

1,657

Ramsar Areas (1)

 

 

14

184,487

Nationally Important Wetlands (1)

 

 

45

627,188

Protection Forests

55

320,451

55

251,519

Honey Forests

200

24,861

 

 

City Forests

128

11,722

142

10,444

Gene Conservation Forests (in-situ)

257

47,978

308

42,093

Seed Stands (in-situ)

351

47,063

321

42,228

Seed Orchard (ex-situ)

179

1,414

185

1,424

TOTAL OVERLAPPING

1,760

5,373,162

1,565

3,445,655

Ministry of Environment and

Urbanisation, Protected Areas

Number

Area (ha)

Number

Area (ha)

Special Environmental Protection Areas

16

2,459,116

16

2,458,749

Natural Sites

1,273

1,322,749

2,426

2,086,429

GENERAL TOTAL OVERLAPPING

3,049

7,883,511

4,007

6,960,786

Ratio of protected areas in the Country’s total surface area (%) (3)

 

10.1%

 

8.9%

Sources: For areas protected by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,

 General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks; Status Reports on Nature Conservation (2002-2013), (2014-2015), (2016-2017)

 

Notes:

(1) Registry procedure was introduced for the wetlands by an amendment in the By-Law on Wetlands.

(2) Sizes of protected areas are expressed for both terrestrial and marine.

(3) The percentage of protected areas is calculated by dividing the size of terrestrial and marine protected area sbyTurkey’slandsurface.