Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
11.8- Primary and Final Energy Intensity

Primary energy intensity is a response; final energy intensity is a driving force indicator. The decrease in the indicator values means improvement of energy efficiency. Primary energy intensity is an energy efficiency indicator measuring how much energy required to create one unit of Gross National Product on the regional and country basis. The level of the indicator indicates the economic structure of regions or countries, the energy consumption structure, climatical conditions and technical energy efficiency. Energy intensity trend is affected by the structural changes in economy and industry, changes in energy consumption structure and the equipment used by final users and efficiency in the building sector.

Primary energy intensity of Turkey was 0.12 TOE/2010$ with a decrease of 19.6% compared to year 2000.  World average was 0.18 TOE/2010$ in 2015 while  averages of OECD and the European Union countries (EU-28) were 0.11 and 0.09 TOE/2010$ respectively. According to primary energy intensity, Turkey performs considerably close to the OECD, but well quite poorer than the EU countries.

In 2005-2015 period, GDP of Turkey increased one unit while energy consumption increased by 0.8 unit. For comparison,  France decreased energy consumption by 1.1 unit, Germany by 0.5, Japan 3.5 and the United Kingdom 1.8 while increasing thier GDP’s by 1 unit.

There is a similar decrease trend also in the final energy intensity. The final energy intensity of Turkey has reached to 0.09 TOE/2010$ level with a decrease 20.1% from 2000 to 2016.

Graph 104 displays the trends in primary and final energy intensities, with an apparent increase in Final/Primary energy intensity ratio. Increase trend in this ratio means that the end-users get higher electricity [76].

Primary Energy Intensity

Final Energy Intensity

 

GRAPH 104- PRIMARY and FINAL ENERGY INTENSITY THROUGH THE YEARS (with climatic correction)

Source: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, General Directorate of Renewable Energy.

http://www.enerji.gov.tr/File/?path=ROOT%2f1%2fDocuments%2fSayfalar%2fenver_gelisim_rapor_2018.pdf

Note: Primary and final energy intensities were calculated taking into account the GDP data based on 2009 GDP series as published by TURKSTAT on 12.12.2016.

 

 

GRAPH 105- FINAL ENERGY INTENSITIES OF SECTORS BY YEARS

S

Source: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, General Directorate of Renewable Energy.

http://www.enerji.gov.tr/File/?path=ROOT%2f1%2fDocuments%2fSayfalar%2fenver_gelisim_rapor_2018.pdf

Note: Primary and final energy intensities were calculated taking into account the GDP data based on 2009 GDP series as published by TURKSTAT on 12.12.2016.

 

Comparison of final energy intensities of various sectors shows that the manufacturing industry sector leads with the highest intensity, folowed by other industries, agriculture, buildings, transport and services sectors [77].