11.8- Primary and Final Energy Intensity

Primary energy intensity is a response; final energy intensity is a driving force indicator. Primary energy intensity is an energy efficiency indicator measuring how much energy required to create one unit of Gross National Product on the regional and country basis. The level of the indicator indicates the economic structure of regions or countries, the energy consumption structure, climatical conditions and technical energy efficiency. Energy intensity trend is affected by the structural changes in economy and industry, changes in energy consumption structure and the equipment used by final users and efficiency in the building sector.

In Turkey, in the years 2000-2015, primary energy intensity index have decreased by 1.7% and final energy intensity index by 1.5% annualy. As compared with the year 2000, there is an improvement of 23.1% in the primary energy intensity index and 21% in the final energy intensity index in 2015 [59].

Comparing figures for 2015, EU-28 countries consumed 120 kg (Petroleum equivalent) for each 1000 Euros of GDP produced (2010 prices); while in Turkey, 160.9 kg’s were consumed for the same amount of GDP [69].

Primary Energy Intensity

GRAPH 99- PRIMARY ENERGY INTENSITY THROUGH THE YEARS (with climatic correction)

 

Final Energy Intensity

 

GRAPH 100- FINAL ENERGY INTENSITY THROUGH THE YEARS (with climatic correction)

Source: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, General Directorate of Renewable Energy.

Note: Primary and final energy intensities were calculated taking into account the GDP data based on 2009 GDP series as published by TURKSTAT on 12.12.2016.