13.3- Pesticide Use
This indicator is a pressure indicator. Pesticide consumption in Turkey has increased to 50,054 tons in 2016 with a 28.2 % increase rate compared to consumptİon in 2015. When the amount of pesticide use was evaluated based on groups, the largest group is fungicides (fungi killers) in Turkey as well as in the world. 2016 total pesticide use composition was as follows: 40.9% fungicides, 20.8% insecticides, 20% herbicides, 4% acaricides, 0.5% rodenticides and 13.7% others (nematocides, mollucides, and mineral oils).
Dissemination of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), as accepted all over the world in struggle with harmful organisms in plants, the implementation of pre-harvest pesticide control program, the inclusion of alternative methods that do not use any chemicals:such as biologic and biotechnical combat methods to agricultural support programs, and such as the introduction of educational programs such as farmers' field schools in Turkey have made a significant contribution to the reduction of pesticide use in Turkey. In Turkey, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) principles are implemented on 42% of the total cultivated land and the target is to increase this rate to 50% in 2022 .
GRAPH 113- TOTAL PESTICIDE USE OVER THE YEARS
Sources: For 2002-2005 data, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, for 2006-2016 data: TURKSTAT