Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
13.3- Pesticide Use

This indicator is a pressure indicator. Pesticide consumption in Turkey has increased to 54,098 tons in 2017 with a 8.08% increase rate compared to consumptİon in 2016. When the amount of pesticide use was evaluated based on groups, the largest group is fungicides (fungi killers) in Turkey as well as in the world. 2017 total pesticide use composition was as follows: 44% fungicides, 22.8% insecticides, 23.5% herbicides, 4.9% acaricides, 0.5% rodenticides and 12.4% others (nematocides, mollucides, and mineral oils).

As of 2017, five provinces with the highest share of pesticide use are Antalya, with 10.1%, Manisa with 9%, Adana with 9%, Mersin with 5.7% and Aydın with 5.7% of total national consumption.

Dissemination of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), as accepted all over the world in struggle with harmful organisms in plants, the implementation of pre-harvest pesticide control program, the inclusion of alternative methods that do not use any chemicals:such as biologic and biotechnical combat methods to agricultural support programs, and such as the introduction of educational programs such as farmers' field schools in Turkey have made a significant contribution to the reduction of pesticide use in Turkey. In Turkey, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) principles are implemented on 44% of the total cultivated land in 2017 and the target is to increase this rate to 50% in 2023 [83].

 

 

GRAPH 116- TOTAL PESTICIDE USE OVER THE YEARS

Sources: For 2002-2005 data, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, for 2006-2017 data: TURKSTAT

(*) Increase in 2016 and 2017 data is caused by the change of calculation method..