10.2- Passengers and Freight Carried by Transport Types

This indicator is a driving force indicator and it takes part on transport related environmental impacts. In terms of domestic passenger transport, share of the air transport rose to 9.4% in 2016 from 1.8% in 2000; in the same period, share of highway transport reduced from 95.9% to 89.2% and railway transport from 2.2% to 1%. The share of maritime passenger transport was 0.4% in 2016. It is targeted to reduce the share of domestic passenger transport by road (as a passenger /km) to 76% by the end of 2023 [52].

In 2016, considering the domestic freight transport, it seems that the highways (86.5%) take the major share. In 2016, it is observed that the share of air freight in domestic freight transport increased compared to 2000, while the shares of maritime, railway and highway freight decreased.

 

GRAPH 79- DOMESTIC PASSENGER TRANSPORT RATIOS (percent on passenger-km)*

 

GRAPH 80- DOMESTIC FREIGHT RATIOS (percent on ton-km)**

 

Sources: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, Turkish State Railways

Notes: 1) Urban transport is not included.

2) Data on passenger and freight transport over the road network of Directorate General for State Highways were taken. 

3) Data on passenger and freight transport of the General Directorate of State Railways were taken. Urban and suburban passenger transport data was exempted.

4) Data for the domestic passenger and freight transport of the General Directorate of State Airports Authority were considered. For the empty cells there is no data.

5) Data on maritime passenger and freight transport on exclusive maritime lines were taken from the General Directorate for Maritime Trade. Units were converted from mile to km.

* Passenger/Km: Unit of traffic measurement obtained from the transportation of one passenger over one kilometre.

**Tonne/Km: Unit of traffic measurement obtained from the transportation of one ton of goods over a distance of one kilometre

 

GRAPH 81- DOMESTIC TRANSPORT OF FREIGHT AND PASSENGER ACCORDING TO TRANSPORT PATHS

 

Sources: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, Turkish State Railways

Notes: 1) Urban transport is not included. 2) Data on passenger and freight transport over the road network of Directorate General for State Highways were taken.  3) Data on passenger and freight transport of the General Drectorate of State Railways were taken. Urban and suburban passenger transport data was exempted.4) Data for the domestic passenger and freight transport of the General Directorate of State Airports Authority were considered. For the empty cells there is no data.   5) Data on maritime passenger and freight transport on exclusive maritime lineswere taken from the General Directorate for Maritime Trade. Units were converted from mile to km.

* Passenger/Km: Unit of traffic measurement obtained from the transportation of one passenger over one kilometre.

**Tonne/Km: Unit of traffic measurement obtained from the transportation of one ton of goods over a distance of one kilometre.

 

 

Use of railways are promoted against road transport in sense of environmental concerns. Besides extending the railway network, effective use is also an important concern. Average capacity use ratio in railway freight transport between 1990 and 2016 was 55%. In 2013 the ratio was 75% and in 2016 57%.

GRAPH 82- CAPACITY USE RATIO IN RAILWAY FREIGHT TRANSPORT  (%)

Sources: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, Turkish State Railways