Organic farming is an environmentally friendly farming practice and size of the land that organic farming is practiced or the production amount can be deemed as a response indicator. In 1985 organic agriculture applications started with 8 types of crops due to export demand. In 2002, 12,428 farmers planted on 89,827 hectares (including wild harvesting areas) and harvested 310,125 tonnes and 150 types of organic products. In 2017 this amount reached to 2,406,606 tonnes in 214 product types and 75,067 farmers who planted on 543,033 hectares. Within the 543,033 hectares including wild harvesting areas, 520,885 hectare land is used for cultural farming. In 2017, total land used for organic farming (including wild harvesting areas) increased by 3.7% while the product yield decreased by 2.7% compared to those in 2016.
According to 2017 data, the share of land used for organic farming in total agricultural land is 2.32% in Turkey and the target is to increase this rate to 3% in 2023. According to 2016 data, World average is 1.2% and the EU average is 6.7%.
GRAPH 117- THE SHARE OF ORGANIC FARMING LAND IN TOTAL AGRICULTURE LAND (%)
Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
Notes: (1) Transition period included. (2) Wild harvesting areas are included.
GRAPH 118- DATA ON ORGANIC LIVESTOCK
Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry