Emissions resulting from road motor vehicles is one of the major causes of air pollution especially in metropolitan cities. The number of vehicles is a pressure indicator.
The number of total road motor vehicles, which was 1,566,405 in 1979, increased especially after 2004 and reached to 22,218,945 in 2017. When types of road motor vehicles share between 1979 and 2016 are compared, the increase in the rates of automobiles, small trucks and motorcycles are remarkable. Automobiles constitute 54.2% of the total road motor vehicles in 2017, small trucks 16.4%, motorcycles 14%, tractors 8.3%, trucks 3.8%, minibuses 2.2%, buses 1% and special purposed vehicles 0.3%.
Despite the increase in the number of cars, average car possesion is still quite low in Turkey due to high prices and taxes. According to 2016 figures, average number of cars per thousand people in the EU-28 is 505, nearly four-fold of Turkey with average possesion value of 142 cars per thousand people .
GRAPH 89- NUMBER OF ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES BY YEARS (1979-2017)
GRAPH 90- DISTRIBUTION OF ROAD MOTOR VEHICLE TYPES (1979-2017) (%)
Source: TURKSTAT. Note: Since 2004, vehicles covered under work machinery and heavy vehicles covered under special purpose vehicles are shown under “Truck” figures.