7.6- Mining Waste

According to TURKSTAT data, in 2016, mining establishments generated 811 million tonnes of waste, of which 99.9% was mineral waste. 99% of mineral waste was overburden and tailing.

When looking at the distribution of total mining waste by recovery and disposal methods in 2016; 70.4% was disposed of in heaps for overburden or controlled landfill sites, 15.9% was used for backfilling, 13% was used for reclamation purposes in mining sites and 0.7% was recovered or disposed of by other methods[38].

 

TABLE 19- NUMBER OF MINING WASTE LANDFILLS

YEARS

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Mining Waste Landfills

6

17

25

32

34

36

Source: Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, General Directorate of Environmental Management

 

GRAPH 65- MINING WASTE THROUGH YEARS (2010-2016)

Source: TURKSTAT, Mining Establishments Water, Wastewater and Waste Statistics, http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24879

 

  1. All mining establishments in mining of coal and lignite, mining of metal ores, mining support service activities and establishments having 10 or more employees in other mining and quarrying activities are covered in the scope of the survey in 2010.
  2. The scope of Mining Establishments Water, Wastewater and Waste Statistics survey in 2012 was constituted of mining establishments, which submitted production data for 2011 to General Directorate of Mining Affairs or had a new licence for 2012.
  3. The scope of Mining Establishments Water, Wastewater and Waste Statistics survey in 2014 was mining establishments, which submitted production data for 2013 to General Directorate of Mining Affairs or had a new licence for 2014.

The scope of Mining Establishments Water, Wastewater and Waste Statistics Survey was mining establishments, which submitted production data for 2015 to General Directorate of Mining Affairs or had a new licence for 2016. Establishments dealing only with enrichment processes was out of scope.