1.3- Migrant Population

Internal migration is defined as changes in permanent residence of population within one year inside a country. Conditions stipulated by economic development are regarded to cause demographic movements such as rapid population growth and migration from rural to urban areas.

According to the figures from the Address Based Population Registration System, 2,192,826 persons migrated within the country during 2015-2016 period while this figüre was 1,903,234 during 2007-2008 period. In these figures, foreign population is not included.

Provinces that have the highest net migration (difference between immigration and emmigration) during 2015-2016 period are; Kocaeli (25,123 persons), Tekirdağ (24,246 persons) and İzmir (23,766 persons), and provinces with the lowest net migration are; İstanbul (-71,307 persons), Van (-20,133 persons), Ağrı (-17,384 persons) [7].

 

GRAPH 4- MIGRANT POPULATION, 2008-2016

 

TABLE 3- MIGRANT POPULATION, 2008-2016

Period

2007-2008

2008-2009

2009-2010

2010-2011

2011-2012

Total Population (1000 persons)

71,517

72,561

73,723

74,724

75,627

Migrant Population (1000 persons)

1,903

1,877

1,986

2,046

1,943

Rate of Migrant Population to Total Population (%)

2.7

2.6

2.7

2.7

2.6

 

Period

2012-2013

2013-2014

2014-2015

2014-2016

Total Population (1000 persons)

76,668

77,696

78,741

79,815

Migrant Population (1000 persons)

2,122

2,255

2,288

2,193

Rate of Migrant Population to Total Population (%)

2.8

2.9

2.9

2.7

Source: TURKSTAT, The results of Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), 2008-2016

Note: Foreign population is not included.