10.3- Greenhouse Gases Emissions by Transport Types

This indicator is a pressure indicator. Contribution of transport to climate change and the distribution of this contribution according to transport modes, are important for the monitoring and control of emissions.

According to the TURKSTAT 2015 greenhouse gas emission inventory data, Turkey’s total greenhouse gas emissions were 475.1 million tonnes CO2 equivalent, in 2015. Out of this, 75,789 kilotonnes of CO2 equivalent are transport related emissions. The share of transport related emissions in total greenhouse gas emissions was about 12.6% in 1990 and 16% in 2015.

91.4% of transport related CO2 emission was originated from road transport, 5.5% from domestic aviation, 1.5% from domestic navigation, 0.6% from railways and 0.9% from other transport modes.

In the EU-28, the transport sector contributed 21 % of total greenhouse gas emissions (international aviation and maritime emissions excluded) [53].

 

GRAPH 83- GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ACCORDING TO TYPE OF TRANSPORT

 

 

 

TABLE 32- GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ACCORDING TO TYPE OF TRANSPORT (kilotonnes CO2 equivalent)

Years

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Total Transport

26,969

34,113

36,465

42,041

45,392

47,386

62,525

68,865

73,559

75,789

Domestic aviation

923

2,775

3,099

4,089

2,862

3,344

3,727

3,754

4,090

4,205

Road transportation

24,777

29,760

31,850

35,532

39,941

40,899

56,310

62,889

66,967

69,309

Railways

721

768

713

757

517

532

492

505

562

480

Domestic navigation

509

726

623

1,299

1,682

2,242

1,614

1,154

1,348

1,147

Other transportation

39

83

180

364

390

370

381

563

593

647

Source: TURKSTAT