Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
4.1- Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This indicator is a pressure indicator. Greenhouse gas emissions are important with regard to Turkey’s contribution to climate change with respect to the source sector distribution and also for monitoring and controlling activities.

Total greenhouse gas emissions (CO2-equivalent,) increased in 2016 by 135% compared to 1990, 5.6% compared to 2015 [19]. In 2016, greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-28 were down by 22% compared to 1990 levels [20].

In Turkey, CO2 equivalent emissions were calculated as 3.8 tonnes per capita in 1990’s but in 2016, this value went up to 6.3 tonnes per capita [19]. CO2 equivalent EU-28 emissions per capita were calculated as 8.7 tonnes in 2016 [21].

 

GRAPH 13- GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TREND OVER THE YEARS

 

TABLE 6- GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TREND OVER THE YEARS (million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)

 Year

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

CO2

146.5

178.3

226.0

260.9

319.5

344.7

354.1

346.8

357.6

380.9

402.8

CH4

42.2

42.4

43.5

45.5

52.5

54.7

58.0

56.8

58.1

52.4

54.7

N2O

21.4

20.9

22.6

23.7

25.9

26.8

27.6

29.3

29.3

29.8

32.0

F Component Gases

0.6

0.6

1.4

2.6

4.7

5.2

5.9

6.1

6.8

6.9

6.6

Total

210.7

242.2

293.5

332.7

402.6

431.4

445.6

439.0

451.8

469.9

496.1

Source: TURKSTAT, Greenhouse Gas Emissions Statistics,1990-2016

Notes:

(1) Data for 1990-2015 are revised.

(2) Land use, land use change and forestry emissions and sinks are not included.