4.1- Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This indicator is a pressure indicator. Greenhouse gas emissions are important with regard to Turkey’s contribution to climate change with respect to the source sector distribution and also for monitoring and controlling activities.

Total greenhouse gas emissions (CO2-equivalent,) increased in 2015 by 122% compared to 1990, 4.3% compared to 2014 [18]. In 2015, greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-28 were down by 22% compared to 1990 levels [19].

In Turkey, CO2 equivalent emissions were calculated as 3.88 tonnes per capita in 1990’s but in 2015, this value went up to 6.07 tonnes per capita[18]. CO2 equivalent EU-28 emissions per capita were calculated as 8.75 tonnes in 2015 [20].

 

GRAPH 13- GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TREND OVER THE YEARS

 

TABLE 9- GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TREND OVER THE YEARS (million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)

YEAR

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

CO2

148.2

181.4

227.7

263.9

322.1

348.0

355.5

347.7

359.2

383.4

CH4

41.2

41.2

42.3

44.4

51.2

53.4

56.8

55.6

56.8

51.4

N20

23.8

23.3

25.1

26.3

28.8

29.7

30.7

32.8

32.7

33.3

F Component Gases

0.7

0.6

1.4

2.6

4.7

5.2

5.9

6.1

6.8

6.9

TOTAL

214.0

246.6

296.5

337.2

406.8

436.4

448.9

442.2

455.6

475.1

Source: TURKSTAT, Greenhouse Gas Emissions Statistics,1990-2015

Notes: (1) Data for 1990-2014 are revised.

            (2) Land use, land use change and forestry emissions and sinks are not included.