Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
16.1- Forest Fires

This indicator is an impact indicator. The majority of the forests located in Turkey, which is in the Mediterranean climate zone, are under the threat of forest fires.

In 2017, 2,411 forest fires occurred, in total 11,993 ha of forest area and per fire incident 5 hectar area in average were damaged. In 2017, the number of fires compared to the previous year decreased by 24.4%. Burnt forest area increased by 31% compared to the previous year.

The majority of the forest fires are caused by people. Cause of the 53% of forest fires in 2017 could not be identified. 30% of fires were caused by negligence-accidents, 11% by natural causes and 6% by intention.

According to data provided by the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), in the European countries in Mediterranean climatic zone,  burnt areas per fire in average of 10 years (2007-2016) are as follows: Greece: 41.98 ha, Italy: 12.72 ha, Spain: 6.83 ha, Turkey: 3.73 ha and France: 2.65 ha [23].

 

GRAPH 127- FOREST FIRES (1990-2017)

 

GRAPH 128- CAUSES OF FOREST FIRES (1997-2017)

Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Forestry,

 https://www.ogm.gov.tr/ekutuphane/Sayfalar/Istatistikler.aspx