11.3- Final Energy Consumption by Sectors

Final energy consumption by sector type is a driving force indicator. The trend in final energy consumption by fuel type and by sector provides a broad indication of progress in reducing final energy consumption and associated environmental impacts by the different end-use sectors (transport, industry, services and households).

The total final energy consumption in Turkey was 104,333 thousand TOE in 2016, with an increase of 147% compared to 1990, 48.36% compared to 2005 and 4.76% compared to 2014 (Table 34).

Large increases in final energy consumption could be attributes to the growing economy in Turkey. However, in order to mention an improvement, energy intensity must decrease with improvement in energy efficiency. For instance, in the EU-28, final energy consumption decreased by 1.8% between 1990 and 2014 and by 11% between 2005 and 2014, owing to improvements in energy efficency[63].

In 2016 in Turkey, the highest share of final energy consumption occured in household-trade and services sector (%31.89) and industrial sector (31.88%), followed by transport (25.64%) and agriculture-livestock sectors (3.88%).

For comparison with the EU countries, in 2014 highest share in energy consumption was by household consumption and services with 38.1% (households 24.8%, services 13.3%); followed by transport (33.2%), industry (25.9%) and agriculture-fisheries-forestry and others (totally 2.8%) in the EU-28 member states [64].

 

GRAPH 93- FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTORS (Thousand TOE)

Source: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, http://www.eigm.gov.tr/en-US/Balance-Sheets