9.8- Distribution of Forests by Tree Species

Diversity of tree species is a positive indicator of biodiversity. In 2015, Turkey’s total forest cover consists of oak 26.3%, 25.1% Turkish pine, Crimean pine 19%.

 

TABLE 29- TOTAL FOREST AREA BY TREE SPECIES

Tree species

FOREST FORM (hectare)

% rate

Productive

Degraded

Total

Oak (Quercus sp)

2,382,933

3,503,262

5,886,195

26.3

Turkish pine (pinus brutia)

3,451,269

2,158,946

5,610,215

25.1

Crimean pine (pinus nigra)

2,727,524

1,517,397

4,244,921

19.0

Beech (fagus orientalis)

1,630,196

269,733

1,899,929

8.5

Scots pine (pinus sylvestris)

882,231

636,698

1,518,929

6.8

Juniper (Juniperus)

218,303

740,120

958,423

4.3

Fir

383,422

201,359

584,781

2.6

Cedar

247,162

235,229

482,391

2.2

Spruce

229,191

93,666

322,857

1.4

Stone pine

128,721

33,250

161,971

0.7

Alder

113,161

33,569

146,730

0.7

Chestnut

68,229

20,214

88,443

0.4

Hornbeam

28,252

6,737

34,989

0.2

Poplar

6,445

9,843

16,288

0.1

Lime tree

10,408

2,166

12,574

0.1

Ash tree

6,707

505

7,212

0.0

Eucalyptus

1,353

51

1,404

0.0

Other species

188,641

176,042

364,683

1.6

TOTAL

12,704,148

9,638,787

22,342,935

 

(*) Other species title covers cypress, Aleppo pine, maritime pine, radiata pine, black locust, sycamore, walnut, Turkish/oriental sweetgum and numerous other tree species not specified here.

Source: Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, General Directorate of Forestry, Turkey Forest Assets-2015.