4.3- Carbon Sinks and Capture

CO2 in the atmosphere can accumulate as carbon in vegetation and soil in terrestrial ecosystems. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, any process, activity or mechanism which removes greenhouse gas from the atmosphere is referred to as  "sink". Human activities impact terrestrial sinks through land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities, consequently, the exchange of CO2 (carbon cycle) between the terrestrial biosphere system and the atmosphere can be altered [21].

Carbon captured in forests and processed forest products has been increased by 98% between 1990 and 2015 in Turkey.

 

GRAPH 15- CARBON SINKS IN TURKEY AND ANNUAL CAPTURE  (1990-2015) (Gg  CO2 equivalent )

 

 

TABLE 11- CARBON SINKS IN TURKEY AND ANNUAL CAPTURE (Gg  CO2 equivalent)

YEARS

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2014

2015

Annual Carbon Capture by Foresty

28,118

29,747

35,266

41,112

42,567

51,982

54,077

Annual Greenhouse Gas Capture by Harvested Wood Products

4,368

1,306

1,257

3,164

4,585

7,809

10,227

TOTAL

32,486

31,053

36,523

44,276

47,152

59,791

64,305

Source: Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, General Directorate of Forestry, NIR 2017