Environmental Indicators
Environmental Indicators
5.3- Average Concentrations of PM10 and SO2 in Ambient Air

Pollutant concentration in ambient air is a major state indicator regarding air pollution. Hence, air quality is continuously monitored in all 81 provinces by the monitoring stations operated within “National Air Quality Monitoring Network”. Data provided by these monitoring stations are publicly available online at: www.havaizleme.gov.tr.

According to the information obtained from the National Air Quality Monitoring Network, the annual average PM10 and SO2 data measured and verified in 10 stations with the highest pollution are presented in Table 10. Edirne (Keşan) has the highest annual SO2 average for the last 4 years. Ankara (Kayaş) station is considered to be the highest station of 2017 in terms of its annual average PM10 value.

If the last five-year period between 2013-2017 is examined, it is seen that Bursa, Iğdır and Siirt stations had higher rates 4 times and Kayseri (Hürriyet) station 3 times between the first 10 stations with the highest annual PM10 averages. In the last five years, Edirne (Keşan) and Çanakkale (Çan) stations, Amasya (Suluova) and Tekirdağ (Central MTHM) stations have had highest rates 3 times between the first 10 stations with the highest annual SO2 averages.

TABLE 10- AIR QUALITY MONITORING STATIONS WITH THE HIGHEST PM10 AND SO2 AVERAGES IN 2017

STATIONS

PM10

(μg/m3)*

 

STATIONS

SO2

(μg/m3)*

ANKARA (Kayaş)

100

 

EDİRNE (Keşan MCAC)

167

BURSA

99

 

AMASYA (Suluova)

40

ADANA (Meteoroloji)

88

 

ÇORUM (Mimar Sinan)

40

TOKAT (Erbaa)

87

 

EDİRNE

27

ANKARA (Sıhhiye)

85

 

TEKİRDAĞ

26

AMASYA (Şehzade)

84

 

AFYON

23

AFYONKARAHİSAR

82

 

ÇANAKKALE (Çan MCAC)

23

BURSA (BeyazıtCad. MCAC)

81

 

SAMSUN (Canik)

23

NİĞDE

81

 

AĞRI

21

TEKİRDAĞ (Center MCAC)

81

 

KOCAELİ (Dilovası)

21

* Assessment done with the validated hourly average values where data availability is above 90%.

MCAC: Marmara Clean Air Center

Source: Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation General Directorate for EIA, Permitting and Inspection, Department of Laboratory, Measurement and Monitoring.

 

Graph 26 shows the average concentrations of PM10 for the last five years. Accordingly, in 2017, the national limit value was exceeded by 16% and the European Union limit by 28%.

GRAPH 26-AVERAGE PM10 CONCENTRATIONS OF THE LAST FIVE YEARS (2013-2017)

Source: Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation General Directorate for EIA, Permitting and Inspection, Department of Laboratory, Measurement and Monitoring.

 

Within the scope of “Clean Air Action Plans’ to improve air quality; The necessary studies are carried out to increase the efficiency of the measures related to the control of the fuel type used for heating, improvement of the combustion systems, jacketing in buildings, training of the firemen and reduction of the pollution loads caused by motor vehicles. Both local administrations and our Ministry and Provincial Directorates continue to work on air pollution control.