14.1- Aquaculture Production

This indicator is a pressure indicator. There is 24 million ha sea area and 1.5 million ha inland water in Turkey. Based on the TURKSTAT data, in 2016, aquaculture production decreased by 12.4% in 2016 with respect to the previous year and occured as 588,715 tonnes. The total production composed of marine fish by 44.8%, other seafood by 6.4%, inland fish and aquatic food by 5.8% and aquacultural production by 43%.

In 2016, capture of fishery products decreased by 22.4% and aquaculture increased by 5.4% compared to the previous year. While the production made by capture was 335,320 tonnes, aquaculture production occurred as 253,395 tonnes. Seafood capture decreased by 24.2%, capture of inland aquatic food decreased by 0.9% with respect to the previous year. 40.1% of the amount of aquaculture production took place in inland waters and 59.9% in seas. Within all the production of seafood by capture, East Black Sea Region lead with 40.7% of the total production It’s followed by West Black Sea Region with 33.3%, Aegean Region with 11.5%, Marmara with 10.6% and Mediterranean with 3.9% [77].

In order to protect fishery resources and ensure sustainable management thereof, regulations regarding zones, season, size, species, distance, depth and equipment related to fishing are issued[78]. Furthermore, effectiveness of the activities such as monitoring of fish stocks, protection of endangered species, replenishing of the fish stocks, monitoring and mitigation of water pollution should be enhanced.

 

GRAPH 117- AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION DATA BY THE YEARS

Source: Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, TURKSTAT