14.1- Aquaculture Production
This indicator is a pressure indicator. There is 24 million ha sea area and 1.5 million ha inland water in Turkey. Based on the TURKSTAT data, in 2016, aquaculture production decreased by 12.4% in 2016 with respect to the previous year and occured as 588,715 tonnes. The total production composed of marine fish by 44.8%, other seafood by 6.4%, inland fish and aquatic food by 5.8% and aquacultural production by 43%.
In 2016, capture of fishery products decreased by 22.4% and aquaculture increased by 5.4% compared to the previous year. While the production made by capture was 335,320 tonnes, aquaculture production occurred as 253,395 tonnes. Seafood capture decreased by 24.2%, capture of inland aquatic food decreased by 0.9% with respect to the previous year. 40.1% of the amount of aquaculture production took place in inland waters and 59.9% in seas. Within all the production of seafood by capture, East Black Sea Region lead with 40.7% of the total production It’s followed by West Black Sea Region with 33.3%, Aegean Region with 11.5%, Marmara with 10.6% and Mediterranean with 3.9% .
In order to protect fishery resources and ensure sustainable management thereof, regulations regarding zones, season, size, species, distance, depth and equipment related to fishing are issued. Furthermore, effectiveness of the activities such as monitoring of fish stocks, protection of endangered species, replenishing of the fish stocks, monitoring and mitigation of water pollution should be enhanced.
GRAPH 117- AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION DATA BY THE YEARS
Source: Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, TURKSTAT