This indicator is a state indicator. While the agricultural land is essential for herbal production, pastures, winter quarters and summer pasture are necessary for the improvement of animal husbandry and protection of the nature.
According to the data from TURKSTAT, in 2017, total utilized agricultural land was approximately 38,002 thousand hectares (including permanent meadows and pastures). Of the total agricultural land, 52.7% was arable areas, 8.8% was permanent crops areas (perennial fruits), and 38.5% was permanent meadows and pastures areas.
Increase in Turkish population and decrease in total agricultural area resulted in a decline in the size of agricultural land per capita. From 1990 to 2017, Turkish population rose by 43.1% while agricultural land per capita decreased by 38.12%.
In 1990, agricultural land per capita was 0.76 hectares, this number decreased to 0.47 hectares by 2017. As of 2017, when total arable land and land under permanent crops are considered (23,385 thousand hectares), area per person was 0.29. Arable land available per person for the world is 0.19 hectares and 0.21 hectares in European Union in 2015 .
GRAPH 114- AGRICULTURAL LAND (TOTAL AND PER CAPITA) THROUGH THE YEARS
Sources: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, TURKSTAT